That’s it, you are invaded by ants, what a misfortune! You have so many that simple traps don’t do the trick anymore. It is then time to call a professional to exterminate the ants. Indeed, A Extermination ‘s ant exterminator has the skills, techniques and products to make sure that you get your home back to your liking, free of pests.
In Quebec, we see two kinds of ants in particular: the carpenter ant and the field ant (or cobblestone ant). It is easy to recognize the carpenter ant, which is black, because of its size. It is the biggest of all ants. It can indeed measure up to 8 mm! His playground? Wet wood… outside or inside the house. The field ant is brown or black and is smaller. It enjoys sand, house cracks, slabs or asphalt areas.
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ALL ABOUT ANTS
How to get rid of an ant infestation?
To fight an ant invasion, it is possible to use natural or chemical methods. First of all, it is essential to locate the source of the infestation in order to treat it directly. Here are some steps to help you deal with an ant infestation:
1. Identify the source: Observe where ants enter and exit your home to identify their nest. Ants are attracted to food, especially sweet foods, so be sure to check your cupboards and other food storage areas.
2. Eliminate sources of attraction: Be sure to clean up all traces of food and keep your kitchen and food storage areas as clean as possible. Seal food well and avoid leaving dirty dishes lying around. Be sure to close the garbage cans.
3. Use natural repellents: Several natural products can help keep ants away, such as white vinegar, lemon juice, cinnamon or coffee grounds. These products disrupt the olfactory path of ants and deter them from entering your home.
4. Use ant traps: If the infestation is severe, you may want to consider using ant traps. These usually contain poisoned bait that the ants take back to their colony, which can help eliminate the entire colony.
5. Call in a professional: If despite all your attempts, the invasion persists, it may be wise to call in a professional. Exterminators can use stronger pesticides and have the experience to completely eliminate the infestation.
Remember, prevention is the best way to avoid an ant invasion. By keeping your home clean and removing food sources quickly, you can reduce the chances of an ant infestation.
What attracts ants?
Ants are attracted to a variety of things in our homes, mainly in search of food and water. Here are some things that may attract them:
- Food: Ants are particularly attracted to sweet foods, proteins and fats. Crumbs, food scraps, or even traces of sugar on a work surface can attract them. Ripe or decaying fruit is also very attractive to them.
- Water: Just like all other living things, ants need water to survive. They are therefore often attracted to water sources, whether it is a water leak, a wet sink, a watered houseplant, etc.
- Shelter: Ants also look for places where they can establish a safe colony. Cracks, crevices, spaces behind cabinets or appliances, or even plant pots can provide shelter.
- Pheromones: Ants leave a trail of pheromones to guide other members of their colony to a food source. So if one ant finds a food source in your home, it is likely that others will follow.
To reduce the attractiveness of your home to ants, make sure you clean regularly, don’t leave food out in the open, fix water leaks and plug cracks or openings where they might enter.
What are the stages in the fight against ants?
Getting rid of ants effectively requires a multi-step approach that includes prevention, identification, treatment and monitoring. Here is a recommended method:
- Prevention: The first step is to make your home less attractive to ants. This means maintaining impeccable cleanliness, including immediately cleaning up crumbs and spills, storing food in airtight containers and eliminating sources of standing water. It is also essential to seal all potential access points, such as cracks, holes and other openings.
- Identification: The second step is to identify the type of ant you are dealing with, as this may influence the treatment method. For example, some species are attracted to sweet foods, while others prefer fatty or protein foods.
- Treatment: Depending on the type of ant identified, different treatment methods can be used. This may include ant baits, insecticides or natural treatments such as vinegar or borax. For larger infestations, it may be necessary to call in a exterminator professional.
- Follow-up: After treatment, it is important to monitor the situation to ensure that the ants do not return. Continue to practice good cleaning and prevention habits and repeat the treatment if necessary.
Remember, each situation is unique and it may be necessary to adjust this method to suit your specific needs. In addition, it is always advisable to consult a professional if you have any doubts or questions.
How to scare away ants?
To scare away ants, several methods can be used. Here are some tips you may find useful:
- Cleaning: The first step is to keep your home clean, especially the kitchen and dining areas. Remove food crumbs, clean up spills immediately and keep your food in airtight containers.
- Blocking entryways: Locate ant entry points in your home and block them. They can enter through cracks, openings around windows or doors, so caulking these areas can be effective.
- Natural repellents: Several natural products can repel ants, such as vinegar, cinnamon, coffee grounds or lemon juice. You can use them to create barriers at the entrance of your house.
- Pest Control Products: Commercial pest repellents are also available, although they may be less environmentally friendly. Be sure to follow the instructions on the package for safe use.
- Call a professional: If the ant infestation is significant, it may be necessary to call a professional exterminator. They have access to more powerful products and can also help identify and treat the source of the problem.
Remember, the best way to manage an ant infestation is prevention. By keeping your home clean, eliminating food and water sources, and monitoring regularly for signs of an infestation, you can often prevent a minor problem from turning into a major infestation.
Why am I invaded by ants?
If you are being invaded by ants, there are several possible factors that could explain this situation. Here are some of the most common ones:
- Accessible food: Ants are mainly attracted to food sources. If you leave food uncovered, crumbs on the floor or table, or if your garbage cans are not properly sealed, this can attract ants to your home.
- Water: Like all living things, ants need water to survive. If they find a source of water in your home, whether it’s from a leak, standing water or condensation, they are more likely to take up residence.
- Shelter: Ants also seek shelter. Your home can provide protection and warmth, especially during the cold months or rainy season. Cracks in walls, foundations or windows can serve as entry points.
- Presence of ant colonies nearby: If an ant colony has established itself near your home, you are likely to see ants more frequently. They may enter your home in search of food and water.
It is important to note that the presence of ants is not always a sign of dirt or neglect. Ants are opportunistic creatures that will exploit any available food or water source. However, by taking certain precautions, such as keeping your home clean and well-maintained, you can make your home less attractive to them.
What are the main types of ants in Quebec?
In Quebec, there are 18 types of ants, each with specific characteristics and behaviours. Here are some of the most common species:
- Cobblestone Ant (Lasius niger): Often found outdoors, the cobblestone ant is black and usually measures between 3 to 5 mm. They make their nests in the ground, under paving stones or rocks.
- Carpenter ant (Camponotus spp.): These ants, which can be black, red or a combination of both, are among the largest, reaching up to 13 mm. They are often confused with termites because they burrow into wood to make their nests, which can cause damage to wooden structures.
- Pharaoh ant (Monomorium pharaonis): Small (2 mm) and pale yellow to reddish brown in color, they are often found in warm, moist areas, such as kitchens and bathrooms. They are notoriously difficult to control because of their ability to create multiple colonies.
- Field ant (Formica spp.): Measuring between 4 and 8 mm, these ants are often black, brown or red. They prefer to live outside in open, sunny areas.
- Small-humped ant (Lasius neoniger): This species is common in Quebec. It measures about 3-4 mm and is brown to black in color. Small-humped ants prefer to nest outdoors, often under stones or along sidewalks.
Remember that while some of these ants can cause property damage or be a nuisance, they also play a crucial role in the ecosystem by helping to decompose organic matter and controlling other insect populations.
|more than 20 species
|6 to 7 mm and 13-20 mm open wings
|Wings : bicolored and white or light grey
Body : cream to grey
|Queen: up to 20 years
Worker: 1 to 3 years
Male: 3 to 14 days
WHY CALL AN ANT EXTERMINATOR?
When the situation is out of your control, it is very important to call an ant exterminator, and fairly quickly. Indeed, ants, if left to their own devices, can easily and quickly cause significant damage to the structure of a house.
So, after your phone call, the exterminator will come to your home to take note of the situation. He will perform an analysis and a visual evaluation that will identify the type of infestation, the signs of ant presence, the damage and the access to the infested area. The exterminator may ask you a series of questions about the activity of the ants and the history of the house.
This analysis will allow the exterminator to propose an appropriate treatment. In the case of a curative extermination treatment, the exterminator spreads an insecticide substance that is not harmful to the occupants, animals and property in the walls (exterior or interior), which will reach the source of infestation. The control treatment will prevent the further proliferation of pests while the preventive treatment will equip you with a complete prevention and monitoring program that meets IPM, sanitation and environmental standards.
Ready to get rid of invasive ants? Contact our experts now!
THE DIFFERENT SPECIES OF ANTS
There are several types of these social insects of which we can name the pharaoh ants, black ants, carpenter ants, pavement ants, etc. This is why it is recommended that you call in insect extermination experts to prevent your property from being damaged.
HOW TO RECOGNIZE CARPENTER ANTS?
In Canada, the red carpenter ant and the black carpenter ant are the two most common species and measure between 0.24 and 1 inch. The red carpenter ant is known by its blackish body with a brown-tinged thorax while the black carpenter ant is entirely black with brown tints.
The queen carpenter ant has a lifespan of about 17 years while the workers have a lifespan of only 7 years. Ant nests can easily reach 2000 ants after 3 years, which is nowadays called a new colony of carpenter ants.
SIGN OF CARPENTER ANTS
There are five different ways to detect its presence.
- Fine sawdust on the floor.
- A cloud of winged ants.
- Visible ants circulating everywhere.
- Invasion in the food.
- Breakage of structures (window or door sill).
HOW TO KEEP ANTS AWAY NATURALLY?
Here are 10 natural methods that we recommend you use to get rid of carpenter ants:
- You can put coffee grounds at the bottom of the walls.
- You can simply draw a line with chalk on the windowsill.
- You can cut lemon slices and place them near the entry points.
- You can put a branch of lavender or small bags of lavender in places where they usually go.
- Just like with lavender, you can place cinnamon sticks in strategic locations.
- You can simply spray white vinegar or liquid black soap on their spots.
- You can spray peppermint in essential oil. Your home will feel good and at the same time you will keep them away.
- You can sprinkle diatomaceous earth in the corners and cracks. It will act as an ecological and natural insecticide.
- You can place 2 or 3 lids filled with baking soda and sugar in strategic locations like cinnamon sticks.
- You can also use certain chemicals such as dishwashing liquid orhousehold alcohol. (To be sprayed directly on these foraging insects).
GET RID OF CARPENTER ANTS BY TAKING PHYSICAL ACTION
Here are 5 tips to help you get rid of these insects:
- Get rid of wet and rotten wood around buildings.
- Remove firewood and do not store it near buildings.
- Do not bury stumps or wood debris near buildings.
- Find a solution to moisture problems in the home.
- Store food in airtight containers.
Do not hesitate to call a specialist in ant extermination.